Hammer Toe Surgery Procedures

Hammer ToeOverview

A hammertoes or contracted toe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Mallet toe is a similar condition affecting the distal interphalangeal joint.

Causes

Hammertoes are usually structural in nature. Many times this is the foot structure you were born with and other factors have now made it so that symptoms appear. The muscles in your foot may become unbalanced over time, allowing for a deformity of the small bones in each toe. With longstanding deformity the toe may become rigid. Sometimes one toe is longer than another and this causes a buckling of the digit. A hammertoe may also be caused by other foot deformities such as a bunion. Trauma or other surgery of your foot may predispose you to having the condition if your foot structure is altered.

Hammer ToeSymptoms

The symptoms of a hammer toe are usually first noticed when a corn develops on the top of the toe and becomes painful, usually when wearing tight shoes. There may be a bursa under the corn or instead of a corn, depending on the pressure. Most of the symptoms are due to pressure from footwear on the toe. There may be a callus under the metatarsal head at the base of the toe. Initially a hammer toe is usually flexible, but when longstanding it becomes more rigid.

Diagnosis

A hammertoe is usually diagnosed with a physical inspection of your toe. Imaging tests, such as X-rays, may be ordered if you have had a bone, muscle, or ligament injury in your toe.

Non Surgical Treatment

Treating hammertoe involves straightening the toe, making tendons in the toes flexible again, and preventing the problem from returning. Some simple treatments include Soaking your feet every day in warm water, then stretching your toes and ankles by pointing your toes. Using over-the-counter pads, cushions or straps to decrease discomfort. Splinting the toe to keep it straight and to stretch the tendons of the foot. Exercising the toes to relax the foot tendons (a session with a physical therapist may help you get started with foot exercises). One simple exercise is to place a small towel on the floor and then pick it up using only your toes. You also can grasp at carpet with your toes or curl your toes up and down repeatedly. Wearing shoes that fit properly and give toes plenty of room to stretch out.

Surgical Treatment

Any surgery must be carefully considered and approached in a serious manner, as any procedure is serious for the patient. But in most cases the procedure is relatively straight forward. The surgery can be done using local anesthetic and does not require hospitalization. The patient goes home in a special post-operative shoe or a regular sandal, and in most cases can walk immediately. That's not to say that the patient is walking or functioning normally immediately after the procedure. The patient must take some time off work to rest the foot and allow it to heal.

Hammer ToePrevention

Although these following preventative tips may be able to reverse a painful bunion or hammertoe deformity, they are more hammertoes effective when applied to young people, and are less effective the longer a person has progressed with their bunion or hammertoe deformity. This is because the joints in our bodies get used to the positions they are most frequently held in, and our feet are no different, with our 12 to 15 hours a day in restrictive footwear, with tapering toeboxes, heel elevation, and toespring.

Write a comment

Comments: 6
  • #1

    Cara Mengobati Kista Rahim Tanpa Operasi (Sunday, 10 September 2017 22:33)

    thank you for sharing the information that interests us all, may be beneficial

  • #2

    Obat Testis Sebelah Kanan (Friday, 22 September 2017 01:13)

    The articles you share help me enough in finding information about health, thanks for the very useful information.

  • #3

    Obat Alami Pembersih Kandungan Yang Keguguran (Friday, 22 September 2017 02:23)

    Thanks for the information, I'd like to share an article you really helped me in finding solutions to natural healing.

  • #4

    Khasiat Obat Herbal Ace Maxs (Thursday, 19 October 2017 00:48)

    nice article

  • #5

    Obat Tradisional Pembersih Rahim Pada Wanita (Thursday, 19 October 2017 23:11)

    very interesting article , thanks

  • #6

    deep cleaning (Sunday, 31 December 2017 06:54)

    Skilled professionals trained agencies which include A1 Maintenance Services are equipped with the applications and knowhow to carry out a careful job for cleaning, tidying together with ensuring huge sanitation standards in your company. Mop and nice and clean floors, or simply vacuum whenever carpeted. Dust computer screen, CPU together with keyboard utilizing microfiber wash cloth. Wipe affordable desk outside and limbs